Wednesday, February 24, 2010

Odol V. Gonzalez Jr.: Admission by silence?

An old, established principle in criminal law is that an offer of compromise can be seen as an implied admission of guilt.
This principle is well-entrenched, and scribbled in the rules of evidence, as well as in a stream of decisions of the supreme court.
There have been reports, sourced from the side of New Bian Yek Commercial, that the camp of the honorable Valencia mayor Rodolfo V. Gonzalez, Jr. has offered to effect an out of court settlement with New Bian Yek Commercial.
As we know, the supreme court has directed the Ombudsman to file criminal charges against Gonzalez for violation of the anti graft and corrupt practices act.
This stemmed from the illegal release by Gonzalez of retention money which is public funds, even after he was already prohibited by a court from so doing.
By releasing retention money, it injured primarily the people of the Philippines, who owned that money, as well as New Bian Yek Commercial, who was banking on that retention money for satisfaction of its unpaid credit, arising from its sale of pipes.

Deafening silence
What is very telling is the deafening sound of silence by mayor Gonzalez over this report that his side is trying to compromise with Bian Yek Commerical.
I think, personally, as a friendly advice to Gonzalez---whom we consider our friend—this is not the time to keep mum.
If he has been adviced to remain silent, such advice is misplaced.
Gonzalez is not under custodial investigation, so to invoke the right to remain silent is out of place.

Incriminating silence

On the contrary, silence here can be incriminating.
By keeping silent, Gonzalez can be taken to be making an admission.
In law, it is called “admission by silence
The act, declaration or OMMISSION of a party as to a relevant fact may be given in evidence against him, the rules of evidence say.
Gonzalez’ omission to react or deny declarations that he is trying to offer a compromise can be taken against him and be viewed as an admission.
Admission by silence” under our rules, is clearly defined.
A declaration made within the observation of a party who does or says nothing when the declaration is such as naturally to call for action or comment if not true, and when proper and possible for him to do so, may be given in evidence against him,” says the rule.
One who never comes out to deny a particular declaration when, by natural instinct or reaction the situation calls for a denial, is likely to have affirmed such declaration.
As a candidate he needs to address this, specially to his constituents, from whom he courts precious votes in the coming May elections.

Implied admission of guilt

This reported offer of compromise is very serious because it can be received in evidence in the Sandiganbayan as an admission of guilt of the Valencia mayor.
Under the rules of evidence it provides that: “In criminal cases, except those involving quasi-offenses (criminal negligence) or those allowed by law to be compromised, an offer of compromise by the accused may be received in evidence as an implied admission of guilt.”
In numerous cases the supreme court also has affirmed this rule.
For instance, in Dr. Ma. Cristina B. Seares versus Hon Rosita B. Salazar (A.M. No. MTJ-98-1160. November 22, 2000) the court ruled: “a criminal act is a violation against the State. The conviction of the perpetrators thereof is a concern of the State… in cases expressly allowed by law, crimes are not subject to amicable settlement
To my mind, the offer of compromise, followed by an eerie yet deafening silence, plus the absence of any denial, but instead supplying a “no comment” response, completes the recipe for an implied admission of guilt.

Tuesday, February 23, 2010

Melimore Saycon, 69

Dumaguete PRESS Club,Inc
mourns Melimore’s demise

It’s another sad day for MEDIA in Dumaguete. It was only a few weeks ago that we mourned the demise of media icon Press Sec. Cerge Remonde.

At about noon of Feb 22, 2010, just a few days after vernacular media icon Board Member Melimore “Bokal” Saycon gave thanks to God and people for his speedy recovery, he unexpectedly succumbed to a sudden relapse and died of cardiac arrest in the operating room of the Holy Child Hospital.

“Bokal” Mel’ Saycon’s demise has left a void in the news media industry in Negros Oriental. For Bokal Mel Saycon has aroused the imagination of thousands of his radio listeners in articulating in flawless Cebuano parlance the issues of the day every morning.

His consistent, aggressive and articulate ventilation of burning issues of the day in the Vernacular, has placed Bokal Mel Saycon in a special media pedestal because no doubt about it, he has become the No.l Cebuano radio commentator in this part of the country. Indeed he has filled the void vacated by another vernacular media icon Gerry Olis in the 80s. Yet now, the void is back with Melimore’s demise at the age of 69.
For those left behind, we shall pledge to carry the torch of FREEDOM of the Press which Mel has whole heartedly espoused. We can only approximate but cannot be at par with his brand of public service to the masses for which he has been known, and for which he has lived and died for.

So long, our dear colleague and big brother in media, BOKAL MEL SAYCON, until we resume our coverage of the NEWS, in the Great Beyond.

Your Colleagues in the MEDIA

Saturday, February 20, 2010

Slain beauty’s FB pals air grief, anger, post possible leads

Facebook (FB) friends of slain former Miss Dumaguete (2007) Ann Rosefe Bernadeth Neri have aired expressions of grief, sadness, disbelief and even outright anger over her gruesome killing just before Valentines day.
Others have also posted innocent facts which could develop as possible leads in solving the killing.
Others continued to comment and marvel at her natural beauty, both in life, and even in death.
One Facebook poster who came to her wake commented: “She looks lyk sleeping beauty lng lying in her casket...our dear anrose..”
Facebook is a popular social networking site in the internet, with millions of users the world over.
The former beauty titlist had disclosed information, chatted with friends, and posted several of her striking photos on her Facebook profile for the world to see.
Ann Rose, as she was called, was shot and killed by a still unidentified gunman, at the Dumaguete plaza right in front of city hall, while conducting a rehersal for a show.
Dumaguete was kept abuzz about the killing, noting the brazenness of the way the murder was executed.
In Dumaguete City, different personalities have been killed in similar fashion.
A doctor, businessman, lawyer, student, city government treasurer, and now a beauty title holder have become part of a growing statistic of unsolved killings in Dumaguete City.
However, what kept this murder story buzzing is her apparent connections with certain high-profile personalities, as noted by their attendance of slain beauty’s wake and burial.
One newspaper (Visayan Daily Star) has reported that a prominent politician is linked to the crime, stating that police is focusing on him as a “suspect,” citing police statements.
When one is considered a suspect, it is commonly considered that the person may possibly have a hand in the commission of the crime.
However, the police has not disclosed any credible or established chain of events that would validate their “suspicions.”

Facebook friends express grief and anger

One FB poster shouted: “GRABE talaga! may Ann Rose rest in peace and may the culprits burn in hell!”
Another stated: “may you rest in peace... we look forward for justice to reign...”
“Sana mabigyan ng katarungan
,” said one poster.
Sana Mahuli Na Ang Tunay Na May Sala!” said another.
Sayang.........kaayo .......,” posted another.
One FB poster reported that she and Ann Rose were texting each other just before she was killed.
Another poster couldn’t hide his disbelief and said they were supposed to have met Ann Rose earlier that day she was killed.
Other posters who apparently are not based in Dumaguete posted questions, hoping that answers would be reported on FB.

Ann Rose had boyfriend?

One curious poster’s question was inquiring about Ann Rose’s family and asked whether her “bf” was also there.
Kumusta man ya family dai? naa sad ya bf didto? (How is her family? Was her bf also there?”
BF” is commonly understood to be an abbreviation of “boyfriend”
Apparently, Ann Rose, who listed her birthday as April 2, 1987, had a “bf” or boyfriend.
Other posters also publicly recognized the sensitivity of the death of Ann Rose.
One poster said he took pictures of the wake of Ann Rose, but would not post them publicly “for security reasons

Who was Ann Rose?

One poster apparently had some knowledge of Ann’s vulnerabilities and humanity.
He said: “nobody is perfect bya..kung nkasala mn gni si ann pero two rata....(Nobody is perfect. If Ann sinned, but were just human)”
One of Ann’s friends was just grafeful for Ann’s life: “ate ann,,thank you for everything,for the friendship, and for being there for me when i need you, your one of the GODs gift, i will never forget you ate ann, i love you, i know your resting now in peace with GOD..”

Cursing the culprit

One of Ann Rose’s distraught Facebook friends voiced expectedly harsh words for killer:
For the one took Ann Rosefe's life, may you have unsleepy life,
as the chill shall be upon your back, may the footsteps of dead give you a shock
,” he said
As long as you live, as long as you breathe, the spirit of guilt
shall haunt your conscience
,” he added
As every rise of the moon the sky, may you have a troubled life,” he concluded.

Thursday, February 18, 2010

Tears for Fears

Today, I shed tears for fears.
I went to the dentist to have one of my lower molars extracted.
I was already experiencing unbearable pain.
I couldn't eat.
Because of the excruciating pain, I wanted to "shout, shout, and let it all out."
I always shed tears when I go to the dentist.
I don't cry.
Tears just roll down my side cheeks, by themselves.
I have dental trauma.
After the extraction, the dentist noticed the tears.
"They're tears for fears, doc," I said.
I wouldn't know if it is the anxiety or the tension I feel, that draws tears from my eyes.
When I seat in the chair, I imagine sitting in an electric chair.
I tremble, even without any electricity.
I then embark on episodes of anticipated fear.
I anticipate horrific pain.
When a small tinge of pain comes, I imagine it getting worse, my whole body becomes stiff.
At one point, I felt the dentist already removing the molar, using what I envisioned was a Philips screw driver.
"I'm screwed(literally)!" I said to myself.
Then suddenly a nerve-wracking pain streamed all over my head.
"Oh, it's the nerve," the dentist said.
"We'll inject more anisthetic," he said.
Good thing the dentist was patient, calm, and reassuring.
I have had at least two traumatic experiences with dentists in the past.
One was during grade school.
The second was in college when I experienced a severely painful extraction.
The trauma hasn't left.
Going to the dentist, to me, is like embacing a necessary evil, although there is nothing evil about it.
I hope someday I will overcome this fear...hopefully before I run out of teeth.

Tuesday, February 16, 2010

CoCs must be sworn in accordance with law

Certificates of Candidacy are required to be sworn in accordance with existing laws.
A certificate of candidacy that is not sworn in accordance with law renders the candidate ineligible for election.

CoCs must be sworn, to be eligible as candidate

Section 1, of Comelec Resolution No. 8678 mandates that No person shall be elected President, Vice-President, Senators, Member of the House of Representatives, Provincial, City or Municipal officials unless he files a sworn certificate of candidacy in the form prescribed by the Commission.
Sec. 73, of the Omnibus Election Code provides that “No person shall be eligible for any elective public office unless he files a sworn certificate of candidacy within the period fixed herein.”
By being “sworn” means the certificate of candidacy must be notarized in accordance the news rules on notarization.
Six years ago, the supreme court laid down the new rules on notarization of documents in Administrative Matter No. 02-8-13-SC dated July 6, 2004.
(This is not exactly "new" because it is a six-year old rule.)
Certificates of candidacy must be sworn or duly notarized to transform it into a public document.
A candidate is required to swear and subscribe to the truth of the contents of his certificate of candidacy before a notary public.
This is what the Comelec rules and omnibus election code require.

Competent Evidence of Identity

Under the new notary rules, a candidate must present what is called “competent evidence of identity”.
Competent evidences of identity are those identification cards of a person swearing before a notary public.
Under the new rules on notarization, a competent evidence identity must be a government-issued card, bearing a photograph.
The supreme court has listed down these identification cards that are sufficient to become competent evidence of identity (with photograph) .
They are drivers licenses, passports, SSS cards, GSIS cards, Senior citizens cards, Tax identification cards, IBP, PRC cards, among others.
If ID’s are government-issued, and bear a photograph, it should be competent evidence of identity.

Cedula is not competent evidence of identity

A community tax certificate or a cedula was once commonly used as evidence of identity before a notary public.
But it no longer is---since 2004, the promulgation of the new supreme court notary rules.
The Supreme Court in cases has categorically ruled that community tax certificates are no longer competent evidence of identity because they are unreliable for purposes of identification.
In a case, the Supreme Court said: “As a matter of fact, recognizing the established unreliability of a community tax certificate in proving the identity of a person who wishes to have his document notarized, we did not include it in the list of competent evidence of identity that notaries public should use in ascertaining the identity of persons appearing before them to have their documents notarized”(Charles B. Baylon v. Jose A. Almo A.C. 6969 June 25, 2008)

Similarly, the Supreme Court imposed sanction against notarizing documents without using competent evidence of identity (Dolores L. Dela Cruz, et. al. v. Jose R. Dimaano, A.C. 7781 September 12, 2008).

Effect on certificates of candidacy

If certificates of candidacy executed by candidates for the coming May 2010 elections did not make use of competent evidence of identity, this would affect their eligibility for election in May.
A certificate of candidacy that did not make use of competent evidence of identity----example: using a cedula---is a document that is NOT SWORN in accordance with law.
Thus, such a defective certificate of candidacy renders the candidate ineligible for election in the May 2010 elections.
The Comelec rules and the omnibus election code require certificates of candidacy must be sworn in accordance with law.
If you would notice, the prescribed form for certificates of candidacy issued by the Comelec is already updated in accordance with the new notary rules.
Instead of using "CTC" for communicty tax certificate, the Comelec forms indicate "identification card" already.
This only means that the proper identification card, or competent evidence of identity must be presented, and not the "CTC" or community tax certificate or cedula.

Ground for disqualification

Candidates who filed defective certificates of candidacy, or those who filed CoCs which are not sworn in accordance with law, face disqualification because they are no longer eligible for election.
Candidates who filed defective CoCs have just acquired grounds for their disqualification under existing law, i.e. the omnibus election code and comelec rules.
So candidates, please review the certificates of candidacy you filed before the Comelec last November .
Did you use cedula when you swore before a notary public for your CoC?
If you did, you can be disqualified and rendered ineligible for election, for having filed a CoC that is NOT SWORN in accordance with law.

Sunday, February 07, 2010

Difference between campaign and reality

Now that it is poltical season in the Philippines, it is quite important for us voers to know the difference between the camapign period and reality. Being aware of this distinction can speel the difference between heaven and hell.
Here is a widely circulated anecdote on camapaigns and reality:

While walking down the street one day, a politician is tragically
hit by a truck and dies.

His soul arrives in heaven and is met by St. Peter at
the entrance.

"Welcome to heaven," says St. Peter. "Before
you settle in, it seems there is a problem. We seldom see a high official around
these parts, you see, so we're not sure what todo with you."

"No problem, just let me in," says the senator.

"Well, I'd like to, but I have orders from higher up. What we'll do is have you spend one day in hell and one in heaven. Then you can choose where to spend eternity."

"Really, I've made up my mind. I want to be in heaven," says the senator.

"I'm sorry, but we have our rules."

And with that, St.Peter escorts him to the elevator and he goes down,
down, down to hell.

The doors open and he finds himself in the middle of a green golf course.
In the distance is a clubhouse and standing in front of it are all
his friends and other politicians who had worked with him.

Everyone is very happy and in evening dress. They run to greet him, shake
his hand, and reminisce about the good times they had while getting rich at the expense of the people.

They play a friendly game of golf and then dine on lobster, caviar and champagne.

Also present is the devil, who really is a very friendly guy who is having
a good time dancing and telling jokes.

They are all having such a good time that before the politican realizes it,
it is time to go.

Everyone gives him a hearty farewell and waves while the elevator rises...

The elevator goes up, up, up and the door reopens in heaven where St. Peter
is waiting for him, "Now it's time to visit heaven."

So, 24 hours pass with the senator joining a group of contented souls
moving from cloud to cloud, playing the harp and singing.

They have a good time and, before he realizes it, the 24 hours have gone by
and St. Peter returns.

"Well, then, you've spent a day in hell and another in heaven. Now choose
your eternity."

The politician reflects for a minute, then he answers: "Well, I would never
have said it before, I mean heaven has been delightful, but I think I would be better off in hell."

So St. Peter escorts him to the elevator and he goes down,down, down to

Now the doors of the elevator open and he's in the middle of a barren land
covered with waste and garbage. He sees all his friends, dressed in rags,
picking up the trash and putting it in black bags as more trash falls from
above. The devil comes over to him and puts his arm around his shoulders.

"I don't understand," stammers the senator. "Yesterday I was here and there
was a golf course and clubhouse, and we ate lobster and caviar,
drank champagne, and danced and had a great time. Now there's just a
wasteland full of garbage and my friends look miserable.
What happened?!"

The devil smiles at him and says, “Yesterday we were campaigning ......
Today, you justed voted!”

"So, welcome to reality."

The lesson is, know the difference between campaign and reality.
Better still, one lection day, choose wisely

Saturday, February 06, 2010

Happy B-day Tiya Teneng...from Michigan!

A rejoinder on Lola Tining......


When I called up Tiya Teneng via long distance call from my place Michigan, USA last January 18,2010 to greet her an advance happy birthday, she was so smart to answer me immediately not typical for a 100 years old Tiya.
Tiya Teneng is still a very healthy woman and has a good memory,she immediately remember me despite of being 100 years old.

Annie Saavedra Tan Anderson
Michigan,United States

Thursday, February 04, 2010

“Orpan’s” Lola Tining marks her 100th

An old saying goes: You are what you eat.
That is perhaps the reason for this old Chinese belief that eating pancit will bring you the blessing of long, sturdy and exciting life.
Pancit is a popular Asian culinary fixture, made up of long sturdy noodles, mixed with all kinds of other spices and slices of food like pork and chicken, vegetable cuts of carrots and cabbage.
Eat pancit, they say, specially on your birthday, and you will live a long sturdy, and exciting life.
No wonder, birthday celebrations never miss having pancit on the dining table.
May I pay tribute to a grand old lady, who perhaps concocted the most delicious and unforgettable pancit in the history of Dumaguete.
Anastacia Palad Tan Vda. De Wong, or simply Lola Tining, has lived a hundred years.
She marked her centennial year last January 29, 2010 with close family members, relatives and friends.
Not very long ago Lola Tining opened up a “panciteria” (noodle store) in Dumageute called Oriental Panciteria.
Dumaguetenos simply called her widely popular snack center as “Orpan” for short.
When Dumaguete was young then, office workers would drop by Orpan after a days work to savor Lola Tining’s tasty pancit.
Young students would walk downtown to buy pancit at Orpan, paired with hot pandesal.
Orpan is part of Dumaguete history now. Lola Tining has long retired and is enjoying her “bonus” years with a still growing family.
Last January 29, 2010 Anastacia “Tining” Palad Tan Vda. de Wong marked her special day with family members, and children scattered as far away as the middle east.
Lola Tining started her 100th year with a simple morning thanksgiving mass officiated by Father Sagun, together with daughters Rosalina “Rose” Wong-Sun, and Perlita “Meta” Wong-Patero, son in-laws: Antonio “Tony” Patero and Rufino “Dodo” Sun, Jr; grandchildren Joel Wong-Patero, with wife Eleanor, former Dumaguete city councilor Rufino “Chubby” Wong-Sun, Jr II , Jacqueline Wong-Patero, Anna Grace “Hearty” Wong Sun; grandchild Ella Dawn “DJ” Gloria Patero and great great grandchild: Raphael Joshua “Dreamboy” Sun .
Later in the afternoon, Lola Tining’s party continued with a Kasaulugan Sa Pulong (Dry Mass) officiated by Lay Minister Boboy Roda.
Other family members came to honor Lola Tining like sons Villejo Tan-Wong who is based in Cebu, Bayawan based Antonio Tan Wong who came with his son Junior, grandchildren Bais-based Anna Lourd Wong Villanueva with husband and eldest daughter Sarah, and Manila-based Lucky Wong Villanueva, great grandchildren Lovely Sun Mapili based in Valencia who came with her husband Constancio “Yok Yok” Mapili and daughter Trixie Sun Mapili and Dianne Sun.
It has been said that those who live beyond 70 years are living the “bonus years.”
Lola Tining is truly blessed.
Lola Tining lends credence to the old Chinese belief.
Pancit, indeed, means long life.
But in Lola Tining's case, its a hundred years...and counting!
It's probably not because she ate pancit.
It's because she made it.
God bless Lola Tining.
May the bonus years keep coming!

Caption: Standing l to r: Hearty Sun, Jacqueline Patero, Tony Patero, Villejo Wong, Lucky Villanueva, Meta Patero, Rose Sun, Ann-Ann Villanueva, Pastor Tata and Sarah. Sitting l to r: Sweety Patero, DJ Patero, Joel Patero, Lola Tining, Dodo Sun, Dreamboy Sun, Trixie Mapili and Dianne Sun

Tuesday, February 02, 2010

Parsely for kidney cleansing?

Here is a brief write up about the benefits of Parsely (Tanglad) in cleansing our kidneys, :


Years pass by and our kidneys are filtering the blood by removing salt, poison and any unwanted entering our body. With time, the salt accumulates and this needs to undergo cleaning treatments and how are we going to overcome this?

It is very easy, first take a bunch of parsley and wash it clean. Then cut it in small pieces and put it in a pot and pour clean water and boil it for ten minutes and let it cool down and then filter it and pour in a clean bottle and keep it inside refrigerator to cool.

Drink one glass daily and you will notice all salt and other accumulated poison coming out of your kidney by urination, also you will be able to notice the difference which you never felt before.

Parsley is known as best cleaning treatment for kidneys and it is natural!

The write-up is attributed to a certain Dr. Abdullah Q. Turkistani.